Deer may have different tastes depending on the area, and may eat young plants while leaving older ones alone. In short, humans cut down massive swaths of their natural habitats. Graceful, gentle herbivores, deer browse on leaves and twigs of bushes, trees and perennials, and graze on grasses and annual plants. Doug Johnson is a Canadian writer, editor and journalist. Forsythia may have a short bloom season, but when it is on, it is … The extent to which plants are damaged and the type of damage depends on: Proximity to the house. As far as herbs go, most that are fragrant or fuzzy-leaved are very deer resistant, except for basil and valerian. Though deer can do a great amount of damage to a garden through grazing, it’s important to remember that they have a role to play in the earth’s ecosystem. Among some of the species of deer-favorite shrubs are the evergreen azalea (Rhododendron sp., plant hardiness zones 4 through 8), despite the fact that the plants are poisonous in large amounts to most mammals. Daffodils (Narcissus spp.) Deer eat many kinds of plants, including several varieties of bushes. "Vardar Valley" is a popular low-growing, compact boxwood. Electric fences waste electricity, and some deer repellents may be dangerous to humans or other animals. However, as rabid grazers, they can also thoroughly damage yards and gardens in regions near their habitats. I don't think this damage is from rabbits because most of the leaves have one or two small bites taken. Understand that planting rabbit-repelling plants isn’t a guaranteed solution because hungry rabbits are likely to eat almost anything. New plants are more likely to be nibbled on than well established, large plants. HAS Deer Resistant List - Page 2 of 3 Only reaching 2-3 feet in height and 4-5 feet in spread, this rounded, flat-topped selection is a perfect foundation plant which won't obscure your view if planted under windows. Plants that are toxic to deer like daffodils and foxgloves are a good bet … That said, planting deer-resistant plants is one of the most ecologically friendly ways to reduce deer damage to a garden. What Types Of Plants Are Considered Deer Candy? Rabbits sniff a lot, so put aromatic plants, shrubs, and flowers in your garden. Among the most common evergreen shrubs for foundation planting and hedges in cold-winter areas, Japanese yew bears soft, red fruits that people find quite toxic. Deer, of course, do not. Although the type of vegetation that deer prefer seems to vary somewhat between different parts of the country, it is still possible to identify deer resistant garden plants that should be safe no matter where you live. They do well under oaks and once established, don't need water. Native plants co-evolved with deer and are often better able to withstand deer browsing, if they are eaten at all. Alpine currant is one tough cookie. The bronzeleaf honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera, growing zones 4 through 9), are excellent for mass plantings, produce small yellow flowers, and during the autumn turn a lovely reddish bronze. Deer are beloved wildlife and an important ecological species. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Get exclusive offers, care tips and more! Want to bring the graceful sight of deer to your landscape? Evidence of browsing is the ragged tips where the twigs have been broken. Built on the Genesis Framework. Many berries are commonly available in grocery stores, but other, equally delicious ones are abundant in the wild. Ribes amarum, Bitter Gooseberry, tolerates part sun, full shade, sand, clay, seasonal flooding, and deer. Russian Sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia) Russian sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia), which is technically a … So if you have filled your garden with deer-resistant plants, now you can add some edibles to that group. Though roses have many spines, and deer enjoy other plants even more, they have been known to seriously harm them through consumption. You can use a variety of ways to keep deer out of your garden, including installing electrified fencing, netting deer-sensitive plants, getting an outside dog and spraying repellents. High in nutrition and low in fat, its no wonder currants are more popular than ever. The list was compiled with input from nursery and landscape professionals, Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station (NJAES) Cooperative Extension personnel, and Rutgers Master Gardeners in … They are great in gardens. Numerous species are available to either draw in or repel deer from a garden. Thanks for your reply, Kristena. Trees & Shrubs to Attract Deer. Our Company. after the beginning of august, as the food in the forest becomes less palatable, and tougher to chew, the deer move in to the yard to eat the peony leaves, all the flowers they can find, rhododendron, mountain ash, whatever they can find and reach. They do object to poorly drained soil. here in northern michigan,deer love to eat the onions and garlic that i try to grow, the new growth from every available maple tree. A type of plant undamaged in one garden will be a favourite in another; The time of year. Deer will eat practically anything when wild food supplies are low, but otherwise, they avoid certain vegetables and herbs. Growing currants was actually part of England's strategy to keep healthy during World War II when vitamin C rich fruits were scarce on the island. Spring Glory Forsythia. Currant bushes (Ribes) are thornless understory shrubs, growing in USDA hardiness zones 3-8.They can grow 3-6 feet wide and tall, and can range in color from red, white, pink, or black. Zone: 3 – 9. To avoid deer-related devastation, it’s best to plant deer-resistant flowers and deer-resistant perennials to discourage them. They will eat verbena (Verbena sp.) Summersweet, (Clethra alnifolia, 3 through 9), as its name implies, grows well in the summer. Deer Resistant Garden Plants. Now, obviously deer will eat a great deal of different plants, and how picky they are changes with how many options that they have – i.e, during the winter they could eat jus… Red flowering currants grow in dry open woods, sometimes adjacent to wetlands and tolerate partial shade. Other plants that deer love include juniper, dogwood and holly. The following is a list of landscape plants rated according to their resistance to deer damage. Deer often pass it by. Rhubarb is a good vegetable to grow in your garden if you want to keep deer at bay, as it is toxic to them. What do deer eat regionally? Here's looking at yew, kid. From cherry trees to apple trees and beyond, these varieties are perfect for attracting deer to your homescape. Protective barriers may be needed when plants are young. Currant and gooseberry flowers are very popular with hummingbirds. Buxus sempervirens is a plant deer don't like to eat because its evergreen foliage is aromatic (but please note, not all fragrant plants are resistant to deer.). © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. These are among the most common shrubs ravaged by deer, but many others exist that the species is willing to eat. I noticed that there seem to be a lot of articles out there to educate people on which plants are resistant to deer, but not so much on telling which plants to avoid. In each geographic area, there are browse plant species representing these three classifications, and knowing the 1 st choice plants will allow you locate prime deer feeding areas. Check out our Deer Attracting Trees & Shrubs! Some deer may sample or develop a taste for any plant! It can be tough to find a list of deer resistant plants that will grow in Victoria, BC. is a genus of evergreen shrubs and trees that grow throughout U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. Although they are usually used in baking, jams and jellies because of their tart flavor, some types are sweet enough to eat right off the bush. Wildlife biologists classify browse plants into three categories: 1 st , 2 nd and 3 rd choice. There is even a clove currant (Ribes odoratum), which is very fragrant.All currants have attractive flowers and maple-like leaves that make them desirable in the edible landscape. When food is short, deer will try most plants The plants are easy to find for purchase at a local nursery, and at the Master Gardener’s bare root plant sale. (As in, the deer will eat these to the ground). Deer are usually lazy, they will feed on shrubs that are the easiest to reach. Juniper (Juniperus spp.) While many deer eat yew shrubs, the Japanese plum yew (Cephalotaxus harringtonia, growing zones 6 through 9), is an exception. Deer will even consume the flowers of these plants. The Plants in My Flower Garden Are Dying, and There Are Holes Around Them, Ornamental Bushes That Do Not Appeal to Deer, University of California Cooperative Extension Master Gardener Sonoma County: Plants Usually Avoided by Deer, Rutgers University Cooperative Extension: Landscape Plants Rated by Deer Resistance, Las Pilitas Nursery: California Gardens with Deer Problems, Fine Gardening: Rosa Rugosa "Henry Hudson", Fine Gardening: Hydrangea Arborescens (Smooth Hydrangea, Wild Hydrangea), Ohio Landscape Association: Plants Deer Eat Less Often, Rutgers: Landscape Plants Rated by Deer Resistance, Gardenia: Hardiest Azaleas and Rhododendrons, Brooklyn Botanical Garden:Deer-Resistant Plants: Shrubs and Trees for the Deer-Plagued Gardener, Missouri Botanical Gardens: Rhododendron Periclymenoides, Pender Nursery: Rhododendron "Pink Pearl" (Azalea), University of Florida IFAS Extension: Ilex Crenata Japanese Holly, Fine Gardening: Ilex x Meserveae (Blue Holly), Poison Control: Azaleas and Rhododendrons "Mad Honey" and other Surprising Dangers. This shrub, which can grow as tall as 8 feet and spread as much as 6 feet, grows many small white flowers. They relish the leaves as well. Why are there so many deer, enough to be a bother to gardeners? This species of deer-resistant shrub is also quite insect- and disease-resistant and is otherwise quite hardy. Here are 10 tasty wild berries to try — and 8 poisonous ones to avoid. You may want to fence your currant when it is small but as it matures it should be able to withstand some browsing from deer. There are 43 three species of these ruminants, and they can be found on every continent except Australia and Antarctica. Marigolds, alyssums, ageratum, snapdragons, catnip, and strawflowers are examples of plants that repel rabbits. Currants are usually placed in the occasionally damaged category. They can be grown as part of a formal landscape or added to the edges of woods. Among the shrubs that repel deer are boxwoods, including the common boxwood (B. sempervirens), littleleaf boxwood (B. microphylla), and Korean littleleaf boxwood (Buxus sinica var. This also includes pinxterbloom azaleas (Rhododendron penclymenoides, plant hardiness 4 through 9) and the related rhododendrons (Rhododendron sp., zones 4 through 8), though they, too, carry the toxins of the plants. Keeping animals out of the garden is much easier when you landscape your yard with deer resistant plants. Ribes nigrum, the blackcurrant, is a medium-sized shrub, growing to 1.5 by 1.5 metres (5 by 5 ft).The leaves are alternate, simple, 3 to 5 cm (1 1 ⁄ 4 to 2 in) broad and long with five palmate lobes and a serrated margin.All parts of the plant are strongly aromatic. All the same, avoid planting these bushes if deer damage is a concern. It forms a thick shrub with branches all the way to ground level. used in foiling deer, "deer-resistant trees" is something of a misnomer. 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