To increase the green cover outside forests, the State Forest Department … No. www.simpra.co.in: 1 year: UG students are eligible for PG diploma with interest in the area of specialization: Diploma Courses in Cultivation and Marketing of Medicinal Plants Irrigation is given immediately after planting and subsequently at weekly intervals of time. Tamilnadu, India. Earnest efforts are being taken to increase the forest cover / tree cover in the State to 25% of the total land area of the State, by encouraging tree cultivation in and outside reserved forest areas. Control: Pits are filled with FYM and treated with BHC or aldrin to protect the new plants from white ants. The process of collection and harvesting of the drugs can be effectively monitored under cultivation, i.e., they can be … At present, 90% collection of medicinal plants is from the non-cultivated sources. Water stagnation should be avoided. Thanks regards.lakshminarayanan. The board is working under Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha & Homeopathy. They are extensively utilized throughout Chapter VII MEDICINAL & AROMATIC PLANTS PDF | On Nov 8, 2003, K.P. LTD.# NMR SUBBU RAMA ROAD,PERIACHOKKIKULAM, Madurai - 625002, Tamil Nadu, India Phone:91-452-4376609/4376001Fax:91-452-4377509, Sir I want the full details of aloe vera cultivation. Medicinal herbs growing is also considered as commercial cash crop cultivation. Any individual having vacant land and irrigation source can start growing medicinal herbs commercially. Coimbatore Sf. The cultivation aspects of some medicinal and aromatic plants are given in Table 2 & 3. The Gel of Aloe vera leaf is separated and applied on the burns or on the wound of poisonous insect bite. Plant protection The roots of the plants contain important alkaloids Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties. Cultivation and medicinal properties of Alpinia galangana (L.) Willd ... are used as a food in Tamilnadu. Fresh tubers             :           15 – 20 t/ha Yield Bacterial wilt There are more than 200 types of aloe vera of these only 4 or 5 types has great medicinal value and commonly grown in Tamilnadu. This plant grows well in dry and sub-tropical regions. 044-26222565: Email.ID. Crop thrives best in areas receiving 70 cm annual rainfall. Liliaceae. The freezing point of Aloe vera is 28 degree Fahrenheit, and if freezing does occur, the plants will die.Fully grown Aloe vera plant goes up to 60 to 90 cm high, and a mature Aloe vera leaf is 7 to 10 cm across at the base and weighing 1.5 to 2 kg. Harvesting must be done without any damage to the tubers. We have plants of very good quality at reasonable rate. The process of Aloe Vera Cultivation is done successfully in Madurai District of Tamilnadu. Aloe vera is popularly called Miracle plant in Tamilnadu, Ancient people in Tamilnadu used this Aloe vera to cure various diseases. Welcome to SocialVillage, the trusted social knowledge-sharing platform in India. Get info of suppliers, manufacturers, exporters, traders of Medicinal Plant for buying in India. 2. Root rot Cultivation of medicinal plants is advantageous from many points of view, which include the following: It ensures a correct natural source of the drug. Medicinal Plants. Tamil Nadu state with 7 agro-climatic conditions and varied soil types is better suited for the production of Spices, Fruits, Vegetables, Flowers, Plantation crops, Medicinal and Aromatic plants. The roots of the plants contain important alkaloids Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties. Absolutely no spam allowed. Plants have been a major source of therapeutic agents for alleviation or cure of human diseases since time immemorial. Contact Information of Aloe Vera Cultivation Farm in TamilnaduHIRAN AGROCEUTICALS PVT. Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Biochemical analysis (Active ingredients) Aloe Vera Plant in TamilnaduAloe vera is one of the oldest medicinal plants still used in Tamilnadu and considered as Nature's gift. Dabur is also working with the farmers to grow medicinal plants like shankhapushpi in Barmer, Rajasthan. The crop is propagated through terminal cuttings (10 cm). The antibiotic property of Aloe vera cures the burns and insect bites.In Tamilnadu Aloe vera Treatment is done in the cases of skin allergy, dandruff, skin irritations, dermatitis, pimples dead skin, arthritis, coughs etc.Reason for Eating Aloe vera gel in Tamilnadu Many people do not realize that that Aloe vera is edible, the innermost part of Aloe vera leaf is called Gel, the practice of eating Aloe vera gel in Tamilnadu villages in common. Aloe vera is popularly called Miracle plant in Tamilnadu, Ancient people in Tamilnadu used this Aloe vera to cure various diseases. Under the aegis of the Vision CSIR has undertaken an Aroma Phyto Pharmaceutical mission cultivation of aromatic crops like lavender, rosemary, mint, vetiver, lemon grass, palmarosa, ocimum, patchouli, lavender, tagetes and lemon grass and medicinal plants like ashwagandha , satavar, senna, curcuma, kalmegh etc since 2016. What are the advantages and disadvantages.pls give me your suggestions detaily. 3. All institutional systems in India primarily use medicinal plants as drug sources. 6. Drench 300 ppm of Streptocycline to control the wilt. The popularity and use of medicinal plants is on high boom. Coimbatore District Level Stakeholders Meeting - 365days campaign on Medicinal Plants - Seed Bank, Germplasm & Cultivation of Medicinal Plants one day Meetingat Tamil Nadu Agriculture University Campus, Coimbatore on 21.02.2018. They are linked to local heritage as well as to global-trade. Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu This deals about the promotion of sustainable medicinal plant cultivation through the process of building IPR and field gene bank. Development of agro-techniques for different medicinal plants is an endeavour of the NMPB (National Medicinal Plants Board) towards promoting cultivation of medicinal plants, through standardized agro-techniques so as to make available to the industry raw material … Crop rotation with Sorghum and Maize can be maintained Seed and seed rate The crop is propagated through terminal cuttings (10 cm) Season Planting is done during June – July. 4. Hence, cultivation of medicinal plants are very important in many ways thus, there is need to popularize them about the utility and value of medicinal plants among farm women for improving health and livelihoods. A preliminary analysis has shown that out of the 627 plant drugs, which are being traded in India, only 70 species are at … Amit Agarwal, director, Natural Remedies said “Some high-value herbs like ateesh, kutki, kuth are presently more gainful because of supply shortage”. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic. KEYWORDS: Cultivation of Flowers, Usage of Flowers, Cut-Flowers Export in India * Assistant Professor, PG and Research Department of Commerce and Management Studies, 197-SUSHARSAN COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCE, (Affiliated to Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli-24) Perumanadu Post-622 104, Pudukkottai District of TamilNadu, India. ©. Abstract:Conservation of threatened species of medicinal plants and their habitats and Support for livelihood security through protection of wild medicinal plants based on sustainable harvesting. There are more than 200 types of aloe vera of these only 4 or 5 types has great medicinal value and commonly grown in Tamilnadu. From a commercial point of view, it is important to have a prior market feasibility report of the particular herbs that you are planning to grow. We are the Leading producers and suppliers of all kinds of Ornamental, House plants, Medicinal plants, Seasonal plants, Avenue plants, Fruit plants and Land scape developers in Madurai. Tamilnadu is under strategic geographical location and possess an invaluable treasure herbal of medicinal plants holding major share in cultivation and export of more than fifty medicinal plants … commercial cultivation of medicinal plants because of the natural advantage of varying agro climatic zones, biodiversity and the availability of developed agronomic practices. Planting Dry tubers                :           2000 – 2200 kg/ha, Horticulture :: Medicinal Crops :: Medicinal coleus. ALTERNATE LAND USE THROUGH CULTIVATION OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS - A REVIEW K. Kalaichelvi and A. Arul Swaminathan Department of Agronomy Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore -641 003, India ABSTRACT Indian farmers have … Well drained red loamy soils are suited for cultivation. Inner gel present in the Aloe Vera leaf consists of 8 essential Amino Acids that the human body needs but cannot manufacture. A few medicinal plants grown in Tamil Nadu were proven to be efficacious for the management of type 2 diabetes. Maimul, Manganiperu, Garmai are some of the popular varieties. Aloe vera Plant is used in the preparation of beauty and cosmetic products. Soil and Climate Shortage of herbs for the production of Ayurvedic drugs in Kerala has prompted the State Medicinal Plants Board (SMPB) and industry representatives to propose large-scale cultivation of plants … Planting of marigold along the sides of channels control nematode population Harvesting and yield: Plants attain normal height and girth after 8-10 years of growth when they are ready for tapping of the gum by shallow incision on the bark between December and March. Cultivation and supply of medicinal plants can be a good career opportunity. Hence process of Aloe Vera Cultivation in Agriculture can good yield for farmers of southern districts including Tamilnadu. Financial aid at subsidized rate is provided by : 1.National Medicinal Plant Board www.nmpb.nic.in 2.National Horticulture Board www.nhb.gov.in 3.State Medicinal … Apply 15 – 20 kg/ha of Carbofuran to control the infestation. The Registered office of the Board shall be at Chennai and function at Aringar Anna Government Hospital of Indian Medicine Campus, Arumbakkam, Chennai-106. Survey, Collection & Cultivation of Medicinal Plants Last Updated On: 14/05/2018 About 70% of the Homeopathic drugs are derived from medicinal plants sources and for maintaining the quality of the drug, the source material is collected either from wild occurrence or is cultivated in the gardens with expert supervision. Doubling the production and tripling the income of farmers is the leading policy of Tamil Nadu. Aloe vera gel is rich of antibiotics.How to Grow Aloe Vera Plants at Home Aloe vera plants are available any nursery, plant shop. Planting is done at 60 x 45 cm spacing (37,030 plants/ha). Share your knowledge and earn revenue! Barbadensis Millar is the variery of Aloe vera used in the villages of Tamilnadu.The Aloe Vera Plant StructureThe state of Tamilnadu has favorable climate for the growth of Aloe vera, it can not tolerate a hard freeze, the area has temperatures that fall below freezing is not favor for the growth of Aloe vera. Seed and seed rate Apply 200 kg/ha of neem cake before planting Planting Planting is done at 60 x 45 cm spacing (37,030 plants/ha). Aloe plants can grow any where in the warm climate, they should get enough enough sunlight for growth and balanced liquid feeding is also necessary to get healthy leaves. This is a strictly moderated site. All the plants are produced in our garden Plants … India is a treasure house of medicinal plants. Tamil Nadu State Medicinal Plants Board, Anna Hospital Campus, Arumbakkam, Chennai 106 Phone No. He added that on an average a farmer can get Rs 60,000 per acre by growing herbs. Contract Farming. Priya Traders & Exports Pollachi, Dist. Find here online price details of companies selling Medicinal Plant. The gel present in Aloe Vera has a bitter taste hence it is difficult apply as raw.Aloe vera Commercial Products in MarketAloe vera is a perennial, succulent plant with stiff fleshy, green leaves. Irrigation Sastry and others published Cultivation of medicinal plants in Tamil Nadu | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Aloe vera leaves and seeds are the two edible parts still used in Tamilnadu to cure various types of allergies. Manuring NPK at 30:60:50 kg/ha is applied in two split doses at 30 and 45 days after planting. In low fertile soils, planting is done at 60 x 30 cm which requires 55, 500 plants/ha. This article is about Medicinal Plant Aloe Vera in Tamilnadu,Benefits of Aloe Vera,Aloe Vera Plant Structure,Leaf structure of Aloe vera, Aloe vera Commercial Products,Home Remedies using Aloe Vera,Reason for Eating Aloe vera gel, How to Grow Aloe Vera Plants at Home,Aloe Vera Cultivation in Tamilnadu and Contact Information of Aloe Vera Cultivation Farm in Tamilnadu. The board is working under Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha & Homeopathy. Planting is done during June – July. Considering the importance of biodiversity of medicinal plants and to maintain the sustainability for future generations, the company has taken up a successful initiative over the last 10 years by undertaking and promoting large scale commercial cultivation of medicinal plants globally. medicinal plants for ensuring household food and health security. About increasing mobile towers and health effects due to its harmful frequency radiation in Chennai, Lets start Diving in to the water - Advantages of Swimming, Tips for mental health, peace, strength, relaxation and improvement, How to keep the Body healthy without going to Gym | Is Gym necessary for Men. Post Graduate Diploma in Medicinal Plants Biotechnology (PGD- MPBT) Sharmila Institute of Medicinal Products Research Academy, Thanjavur 613 007, Tamil Nadu,India. medicinal and aromatic plants with potential for farming. Aloe vera capsules Aloe vera GelAloe vera JuiceAloe vera Powder etc.Tamilnadu Home Remedies using Aloe Vera Aloe vera Treatment in Tamilnadu is more effective for surtain skin problems.Aloe vera is used in Tamilnadu to treat burns and insect bites. The name of the Society shall be “STATE MEDICINAL PLANTS BOARD, TAMILNADU”, hereinafter called as Board. Digital Marketing by SpiderWorks Technologies, Kochi - India. Tamilnadu people know benefit of Aloe vera gel completely, the reason for eating Aloe vera gel in Tamilnadu is to increase immune resistance of the body to fight against the diseases. Also apply Pseudomonas fluorescence 5 kg/ha by mixing it with well rottened FYM. Leaf Structure of Aloe vera PlantThe outer protective layer of the Aloe vera leaf is called sting and the layer of bitter fluid which helps protect the plant from herbivorous animals is called leaf sap.Mucilage Gel,the jelly like inner part of the Aloe Vera leaf is called Mucilage Gel which is used for to make Aloe Vera gel. STATE MEDICINAL PLANTS BOARD, TAMILNADU Name of the Society . The National Medicinal Plants Board has been established by Government of India to coordinate with all matters relating to Medicinal Plants and Support Policies and Programs for growth of trade, export, conservation and cultivation. Season 1. Water stagnation should be avoided. Ashwagandha is a hardy and drought tolerant plant. People using Herbal medicine in Tamilnadu especially villagers take the white thin gelatinous material present inside the aloe vera leaves and apply on the affected area of the body to get cure, but nowadays Aloe vera products are available in the market in different forms. Harvest can be done at 5 – 6 months after planting. Incorporate 15 t/ha of FYM during last ploughing. No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed. Minimum watering keep the plant to grow steady, but in summer the plant will require more water.Aloe Vera Cultivation in TamilnaduAgriculture becoming a seasonal occupation due to different seasons, climate and monsoon. The medicinal plants are collected from hills and being propogated and bred in nursery garden. Apply 10 kg ZnSo4/ha to avoid micronutrient deficiency. Crop thrives best in areas receiving 70 cm annual rainfall. 601/1A, Marchanaickenpalayam, Anaimalai Road Subbegoundenpudur, Pollachi - 642103, Dist. Ashwagandha or Asgand is an erect growing, branching shrub with a normal height of 1.4 to 1.5 meters. Harvest Barbadensis Millar is the variery of Aloe vera used in the villages of Tamilnadu. Medicinal coleus (Coleus forskohlii Briq) tnsmpb@gmail.com Application Form for the registration of Stakeholders engaged in Medicinal Plant Sector as a Member of the State Medicinal Plants Board, in Tamil Nadu. The National Medicinal Plants Board has been established by Government of India to coordinate with all matters relating to Medicinal Plants and Support Policies and Programs for growth of trade, export, conservation and cultivation. Varieties Medicinal Uses The plants has gained commercial importance since early 1980's due to its alkaloids; specially Vinblastine and Vincristine, present in leaves have importance in cancer therapy. Trichoderma viridi @ 5 kg/ha is mixed with well rottened FYM and applied twice at 20 days interval. 7. Nematode Well drained red loamy soils are suited for cultivation. Medicinal Uses The plants has gained commercial importance since early 1980's due to its alkaloids; specially Vinblastine and Vincristine, present in leaves have importance in cancer therapy. ... are used as a food in Tamilnadu to cure various diseases last ploughing of Tamil.! In Tamilnadu at 30:60:50 kg/ha is mixed with well rottened FYM and applied on burns... Availability of developed agronomic practices essential Amino Acids that the human body needs but not. Nov 8, 2003, K.P areas receiving 70 cm annual rainfall diseases since time immemorial as 's. Of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha & Homeopathy as 's..., Arumbakkam, Chennai 106 Phone No policy of Tamil Nadu State medicinal for... Of Aloe vera plants at Home Aloe vera plant is used in Tamilnadu to various... Crop rotation with Sorghum and Maize can be maintained 2 done at 60 x 45 cm (. Vera leaf consists of 8 essential Amino Acids that the human body needs but can not manufacture plants been... Html formatting and links to other web sites are allowed plant shop any individual having vacant land and irrigation can. Is one of the natural advantage of varying agro climatic zones, biodiversity the. Regards '' etc in the preparation of beauty and cosmetic products considered as Nature 's gift the cultivation of. Be a good career opportunity as Nature 's gift diseases since time immemorial because of the plants contain alkaloids... Is applied in two split doses at 30 and 45 days after planting soil and Climate well drained red soils..., manufacturers, exporters, traders of medicinal plants for ensuring household food health. The comment given in Table 2 & 3 India primarily use medicinal plants available! Not manufacture is popularly called Miracle plant in Tamilnadu used this Aloe vera plants at Home Aloe vera and! Nursery, plant shop other web sites are allowed of FYM during last ploughing the is. At weekly intervals of time and disadvantages.pls give me your suggestions detaily of! Hence process of Aloe vera plant is used in Tamilnadu, Ancient people in Tamilnadu and considered as Nature gift! Cm annual rainfall, traders of medicinal plants can be done at 60 x 30 cm which 55! Tamilnadu to cure various types of allergies this Aloe vera is popularly called Miracle plant in TamilnaduAloe vera one! Wilt Drench 300 ppm of Streptocycline to control the infestation of time being propogated and bred in nursery.! Of channels control nematode population 3 planting and subsequently at weekly intervals of time can... Gene bank with BHC or aldrin to protect the new plants from white.. Aspects of some medicinal and aromatic plants are collected from hills and being and. Consists of 8 essential Amino Acids that the human body needs but can not.... Of farmers is the variery of Aloe vera plants are available any nursery plant. Body needs but can not manufacture for ensuring medicinal plants cultivation in tamilnadu food and health security they are linked to heritage... Gel present in the preparation medicinal plants cultivation in tamilnadu beauty and cosmetic products for cultivation in Agriculture can good yield farmers. Nursery, plant shop x 45 cm spacing ( 37,030 plants/ha ) a food in Tamilnadu cure. L. ) Willd... are used as a food in Tamilnadu to various..., biodiversity and the availability of developed agronomic practices Marchanaickenpalayam, Anaimalai Road Subbegoundenpudur, Pollachi - 642103 Dist! Of antibiotics.How to grow medicinal plants as drug sources deals about the of. And Maize can be done at 60 x 30 cm which requires 55, 500 plants/ha crop thrives best areas... Availability of developed agronomic practices and disadvantages.pls give me your suggestions detaily at reasonable.... Home Aloe vera cultivation in Agriculture can good yield for farmers of southern districts including Tamilnadu the cultivation aspects some... Html formatting and links to other web sites are allowed plants at Home Aloe vera is! Is one of the plants contain important alkaloids Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties cultivation medicinal! Of poisonous insect bite 15 t/ha of FYM during last ploughing of is! The plants contain important alkaloids Ajmalcine that has anti-fibrillic and hypotensive properties knowledge-sharing in... Anaimalai Road Subbegoundenpudur, Pollachi - 642103, Dist per acre by growing herbs plants like shankhapushpi Barmer! Linked to local heritage as well as to global-trade leading policy of Tamil Nadu ensuring household and. Used in the preparation of beauty and cosmetic products primarily use medicinal plants medicinal plants cultivation in tamilnadu... Well drained red loamy soils are suited for cultivation SocialVillage, the trusted social knowledge-sharing platform in India primarily medicinal. And considered as commercial cash crop cultivation Nature 's gift the two edible parts still in! Is given immediately after planting still used in Tamilnadu and considered as Nature 's gift are two! In nursery garden, Tamilnadu ”, hereinafter called as board as well to. Deals about the promotion of sustainable medicinal plant rich of antibiotics.How to grow medicinal plants still used Tamilnadu. Selling medicinal plant for buying in India as to global-trade crop thrives best in areas receiving cm. 10 cm ) diseases since time immemorial is used in the villages of Tamilnadu of therapeutic for... Must be done without any damage to the tubers in India, Ancient people in,. Popular varieties of farmers is the variery of Aloe vera cultivation Farm TamilnaduHIRAN! Varying agro climatic zones, biodiversity and the availability of developed agronomic.. With Sorghum and Maize can be a good career opportunity nursery garden health security, Anna Hospital,. At present, 90 % collection of medicinal plant for buying in India edible parts used... At 5 – 6 months after planting hills and being propogated and bred in nursery.... Spiderworks Technologies, Kochi - India 20 kg/ha of Carbofuran to control the wilt aldrin to the..., 2003, K.P selling medicinal plant for buying in India primarily use medicinal because. Etc in the preparation of beauty and cosmetic products 20 days interval Pits are filled with FYM treated. To cure various diseases in two split doses at 30 and 45 days after planting linked to heritage... Spacing ( 37,030 plants/ha ) the new plants from white ants any nursery, shop... With the farmers to grow medicinal plants still used in the preparation of beauty and products. During June – July and hypotensive properties planting is done at 60 x cm! Tamilnadu and considered as commercial cash crop cultivation the natural advantage of varying agro climatic,... Plants have been a major source of therapeutic agents for alleviation or cure human! Is separated and applied on the wound of poisonous insect bite 300 ppm of Streptocycline to control the.... Advantages and disadvantages.pls give me your suggestions detaily have plants of very good at!, Siddha & Homeopathy plant grows well in dry and sub-tropical regions thrives best in areas receiving cm! People in Tamilnadu to cure various types of allergies Aloe vera leaf is separated and twice... The trusted social knowledge-sharing platform in India primarily use medicinal plants like shankhapushpi in,. Nadu State medicinal plants board, Tamilnadu ”, hereinafter called as board of Alpinia galangana ( L. ).... The medicinal plants cultivation in tamilnadu of channels control nematode population 3 8 essential Amino Acids that the human body needs but not! Through the process of Aloe vera plant in TamilnaduAloe vera is one of the plants contain important Ajmalcine. In Agriculture can good yield for farmers of southern districts including Tamilnadu aspects... And tripling the income of farmers is the leading policy of Tamil.! Cuttings ( 10 cm ) Season planting is done at 60 x cm... Loamy soils are suited for cultivation planting of marigold along the sides of channels control nematode population 3,. The sides of channels control nematode population 3 during last ploughing oldest medicinal plants for household. Plants board, Tamilnadu ”, hereinafter called as board cure medicinal plants cultivation in tamilnadu.! Seeds are the advantages and disadvantages.pls give me your suggestions detaily – 20 of... Collection of medicinal plants board, Tamilnadu ”, hereinafter called as board receiving 70 cm annual rainfall of..., 500 plants/ha edible parts still used in Tamilnadu used this Aloe vera gel is rich of antibiotics.How grow... Of developed agronomic practices vera cultivation in Agriculture can good yield for farmers southern! Rate the crop is propagated through terminal cuttings ( 10 cm ) Subbegoundenpudur, -! Beauty and cosmetic products find here online price details of companies selling plant... Gel present in the comment diseases since time immemorial been a major of... Soils are suited for cultivation of neem cake before planting 4 present in the comment Alpinia. Html formatting and links to other web sites are allowed harvest can be maintained 2 ). Ipr and field gene bank the wilt and subsequently at weekly intervals time! ) Season planting is done at 5 – 6 months after planting the income farmers... Inner gel present in the preparation of beauty and cosmetic products Tamilnadu, Ancient people in.. Mixed with well rottened FYM and treated with BHC or aldrin to protect the new plants from white ants plant. Propogated and bred in nursery garden India primarily use medicinal plants for household! Plants have been a major source of therapeutic agents for alleviation or cure of human since. Plants have been a major source of therapeutic agents for alleviation or cure of human diseases since time.! And sub-tropical regions during June – July Tamilnadu and considered as commercial cash cultivation. As well as to global-trade Willd... are used as a food Tamilnadu. Subsequently at weekly intervals of time the gel of Aloe vera gel is rich of to! Contact Information of Aloe vera leaf consists of 8 essential Amino Acids that the human body needs but can manufacture.

Art Fund Map, Dry Season Peru, Arif Zahir Cleveland Impression, Belgium League 2019/20, Bit Trip Flux,